Varicose veins are twisted, dilated veins that most commonly occur on the lower extremities. Unlike spider veins, varicose veins are large and make the skin bulge. Signs that varicose veins are forming include swelling, aching pain, a feeling of heaviness in the legs and feet, itching, changes in skin color, and nighttime leg cramps.
Causes of Varicose Veins
Varicose veins are caused by weak or damaged vein walls and valves. With damaged vein valves, blood can flow backward and pool in the vein, which causes the veins to stretch, twist, and enlarge.
There are a number of risk factors that increase your chances of developing varicose veins. These factors include:
- Female sex
- Old age
- Family history of venous disease
- Chronic cough
- Prolonged standing
Ways to Treat Varicose Veins
Varicose veins can be treated in a variety of ways, which means that these veins are not permanent. However, new varicose veins may form after receiving treatment, and some veins may need to be treated more than once.
Varicose vein treatments include:
Aim for a healthy weight by becoming more physically active and eating healthier to prevent the risk of obesity. Avoid standing or sitting still for prolonged periods of time to help blood circulation.
Radiofrequency ablation and sclerotherapy are two procedures used to close off a varicose vein. Your doctor may also recommend surgery to fully remove any severe varicose veins near the skin’s surface.
Compression therapy uses special elastic stockings or compression bandages to apply pressure on the legs to alleviate swelling. This therapy relieves symptoms but does not completely eliminate varicose veins.
Diosmiplex, a plant-based pill, may help with some varicose vein symptoms and complications, including swelling, ulcers, and changes in skin and tissues of the legs.
Contact Advanced Heart and Vein Center
Advanced Heart and Vein Center is here to provide you with top-notch care for any concerns you may have regarding varicose veins. To make an appointment, call us today at (720) 772-8040.